GENDER AND MUSLIM WOMEN
God created the human male and female; to achieve the integration of the two pillars of the reconstruction of this universe. The concept of gender is that the differences between male and female are based primarily on social rather than biological criteria, meaning that societies determine the expected roles of Adam and Eve. To date, the concept of gender can be viewed favorably, as it may help to understand the forms of discrimination against women and help the struggle to give them their legitimate rights to employ, develop and enrich their capacities more effectively to serve themselves, their families and society, away from stereotypes and narrow roles. This issue was discussed at the international meeting in the seventies of the last century to the eighties to crystallize a public issue has become widespread and dealt with the development of the possibilities of communication. But we rarely receive writings on this subject in the eyes of the Islamic religion and how to address this issue.
The Holy, Qur'an: Translation of verses is heavily based on A. Yusuf Ali's translation, The Glorious Qur'an, text translation, and Commentary, The American Trust Publication, Plainfield, IN 46168, 1979.
Al – Haidari, Ibrahim. The patriarchal system: the problematic of sex among the Arabs (I 1) Beirut: Dar al - Saki, 2003.
Badawi, Jamal, Gender Equity In Islam, Basic Principles, American Trust Publications, 1995; ISBN 978-0-89259-159-6.
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex,(London: Picador, 1988; c. Paris: Gallimard, 1949.
Encyclopedia Americana (International Edition), American Corp., N.Y., 1969, Vol.29.
Encyclopedia Biblica (Rev.T.K.Cheynene and J.S.Black, editors), The Macmillan Co., London, England, 1902, Vol.3.
Encyclopedia Britannica, (11th ed.), University Press Cambridge, England, 191 1, Vol.28.
Encyclopedia Britannica, The Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago, III., 1968, Vol.23.
Mace, David and Vera, Marriage: East and West, Dolphin Books, Doubleday and Co., Inc., N.Y., 1960.
Oakley, Ann. Sex, Gender and Society, England : Gower, 1998.
Parsons, Talcott (ed.) Knowledge and Society - American Sociology, New York: Basic Books, 1968. (A collection of essays with an introduction by Talcott Parsons).
Robert, Stoller, Sex and Gender: On the Development of Masculinity and Femininity, Science House, New York City (1968).
Weber, Max. Essays in Sociology, (translation - 1946) ISBN 0- 19500462-0.