EFL Teachers’ Perceptions Regarding Cultural Awareness in ICT-Based Learning in Indonesian Elementary School Context


  • Akhmad Sutiyono STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung
  • Aksendro Maximilian STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung
  • Galuh Dwi Ajeng STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung




cultural awareness, ICT-based learning, EFL, elementary school


The present study aims to explore Indonesian EFL teachers’ perception regarding the ICT (Information and Communications Technology) usage for developing cultural awareness of students as well as improving their English literacy and communication. Even though English subject is not considered as compulsory to be taught in elementary school, there is evidence that English is still being taught either as the local content subject or as the language-medium of instruction. This study employs survey research by administering a questionnaire for elementary school English teachers in Indonesia who have been ever implementing online learning. The result shows that most teachers respond positively on the implementation of ICT in English instructional practice in elementary school. Regarding the cultural content, the participants agree that ICT can be helpful for them to provide interactive digital teaching material, including cultural material for the students. The existence of ICT is helpful for both students and teachers to provide real and authentic teaching materials. Therefore, the use of ICT needs to be promoted to provide cultural awareness in ELT practice to equip young learners to do intercultural communication in the global world


Al-Ansi, A. M., Garad, A., & Al-Ansi, A. (2021). ICT-Based Learning During Covid-19 Outbreak: Advantages, Opportunities and Challenges. Gagasan Pendidikan Indonesia, 2(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.30870/gpi.v2i1.10176

Azizpour, S. (2021). Fostering cultural awareness in efl classes: An exploration of efl teachers’ perceptions and practices in iranian language schools. Applied Research on English Language, 10(4), 71–98. https://doi.org/10.22108/are.2021.130585.1777

Baker, W. (2012). Using e-learning to develop intercultural awareness in ELT: a critical evaluation in a Thai higher education setting. In ELT Research Papers 12–03. British Council. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Barker, C. (2002). Making Sense of Cultural Studies: Central Problems and Critical Debates. Sage Publication.

Bella, I. I., Hidayah, J., & Edy, S. (2020). Indonesian EFL Teachers’ Attitudes towards Intercultural Communicative Competence as a Goal of EFL Learning. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(9), 410–422. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v7i9.2343

Benmoussat, N. (2016). Use of ICT in Teaching Oral and Culture in EFL Classes [UNIVERSITY OF TLEMCEN]. http://dspace.univ-tlemcen.dz/bitstream/112/9042/1/nabil-benmoussat.pdf

Chinh, N. D. (2013). Cultural diversity in english language teaching: Learners’ voices. English Language Teaching, 6(4), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n4p1

Čolakovac, J. J., & Borucinsky, M. (2020). Promoting Authenticity in the ESP Classroom: The Impact of ICT and Use of Authentic Materials on Reading Comprehension. 5th International E-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, 31–44. http://centerprode.com/conferences/5IeCSHSS.html

Craig, A., Coldwell-Neilson, J., Goold, A., & Beekhuyzen, J. (2012). A Review of E-Learning Technologies : Opportunities for Teaching and Learning. 4th International Conference on Computer Supported Education Support, January 2017, 29–41.

Deneme, S., Ada, S., & Uzun, K. (2011). Teaching a foreign language and foreign culture to young learners. International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology, 1(1), 152–164.

Dube, B. A., Edmore, N., & Magonde, S. (2018). Factors affecting ICT integration in the Teaching and Learning of Physical Education in South Africa: A Case of Johannesburg East Cluster Primary Schools in the Gauteng Province. International Journal of Sport, Exercise and Health Research, 2(1), 88–92. https://doi.org/10.31254/sportmed.2103

Farooq, M. U., Soomro, A. F., & Umer, M. (2018). English Language Teaching and Cultural Implications in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(3), 177. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v8n3p177

Gayatri, P., Sit, H., Chen, S., & Li, H. (2023). Sustainable EFL Blended Education in Indonesia: Practical Recommendations. Sustainability (Switzerland), 15(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/su15032254

Ghavifekr, S., Kunjappan, T., & Ramasamy, L. (2016). Teaching and Learning with ICT Tools: Issues and Challenges from Teachers’ Perceptions. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(2), 38–57.

González Otero, R. (2016). Innovative resources based on ICTs and authentic materials to improve EFL students’ communicative needs. In New perspectives on teaching and working with languages in the digital era (pp. 83–93). Research-publishing.net. https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2016.tislid2014.424

Hashemi, M., & Azizinezhad, M. (2011). Teaching English to children: A unique, challenging experience for teachers, effective teaching ideas. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2083–2087. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.405

Ho, S. T. K. (2009). Addressing Culture in EFL Classrooms: The Challenge of Shifting from a Traditional to an Intercultural Stance. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 6(1), 63–76.

Larsen, N., Bruselius-Jensen, M., Otiende, E. J., Aagaard-Hansen, J., Danielsen, D., Nyamai, R., & Otiende, J. (2014). ICT-based, cross-cultural communication: A methodological perspective. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 10(1), 107–120. http://www.un.org/africarenewal/Africa-Renewal-May-2013

Lestari, L. A. (2010). Teaching English along with Its Culture. Professor Inaugural Conference in Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia, 30 Desember.

Liddicoat, A. J., Papademetre, L., Angela, S., & Kohler, M. (2003). Report on intercultural language learning (Issue July). Commonwealth of Australia.

Loi, C. (2013). “ Teaching English for Intercultural Communication in Greek State Junior High School : An Investigation of Teachers ’ Perceptions and Practices ” (Issue March). Hellenic Open University of Patras.

Nurlia, R., & Fitri, A. (2017). Effect Of Bringing Local Culture In English Language Teaching On Students’ Writing Achievement. LSCAC Conference Proceedings The 4th International Conference on Language, Society and Culture in Asian Contexts, 1(3), 187. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v1i3.738

Ozourcun, F. (2014). Teaching Culture as A Fifth Language Skill. The Journal of International Social Research, 7(29), 680–685.

Prastyo, Y. D. (2017). Effects of Cooperative Learning on Student Teachers’ Communicative Competence in Indonesia. University of Limerick.

Rakhmawati, D. E. N., Shartika, M., & Hanifiyah, L. (2020). Enhancing Indonesian EFL Learners’ Intercultural Communicative Competence: A Digital Literacy Project. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Recent Innovations (ICRI), 1825–1831. https://doi.org/10.5220/0009936018251831

Sarihuddin. (2013). The Implementation of the 2013 Curriculum and the Issues of English Language Teaching and Learning in Indonesia. The Asian Conference on Language Teaching 2013, 571.

Yuldashevna, Z. D., & Tuhtayevich, H. I. (2020). The use of ICT in foreign language learning and teaching. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(5), 765–767. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.05.156

Yurtsever, A., & Ozel, D. (2021). The Role of Cultural Awareness in the EFL Classroom. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.17569/tojqi.776499




How to Cite

Sutiyono, A. ., Maximilian, A., & Ajeng, G. D. . (2023). EFL Teachers’ Perceptions Regarding Cultural Awareness in ICT-Based Learning in Indonesian Elementary School Context . IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education, 6(1), 40–52. https://doi.org/10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1212