Reciprocal Teaching Strategy to Improve Students’ Reading Comprehension: Action Research

Authors

  • Camelia Parameswara STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung
  • Andri Wicaksono STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung
  • Destia Herlisya STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung

Keywords:

action research, reading comprehension, reciprocal teaching strategy

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to improve the students’ learning activity and reading comprehension by using the Reciprocal Teaching Strategy. This strategy helps students with four steps, such as predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing. In this research, the writer used Classroom Action Research as the design in collecting the data. The research implementation of research was in two cycles. The sample of this research was in one class only with 27 students. The writer used an observation sheet and reading test in form of was multiple choice and consisted of 40 questions, it aimed to get the score of students’ reading comprehension and used observation sheet for the students’ learning activity. The findings of this research showed Reciprocal Teaching Strategy was successful to improve students’ learning activity and reading comprehension. It can be seen from the average score of students’ learning activity and reading comprehension. The average score of students’ learning activity was increased from the first cycle 6.66 while in the second cycle 7.67, it was from less active to active criteria. Then, it was found that the average score in cycle 1 was 67.4 or 51.85% of students who passed Minimum Mastery Criteria while in cycle 2 was 76.5 or 85.19% of students who passed Minimum Mastery Criteria.  Therefore, the implementation of Reciprocal Teaching Strategy was successful to be used in improving the students’ learning activity and reading comprehension in the tenth grade of SMKN 9 Bandar Lampung in the academic year of 2022/2023.

References

Andeska, L. ., Sutiyono, A. ., Hastomo, T. ., & Angraini, N. . (2021). The Correlation of Vocabulary Mastery and Reading Interest with Quick Reading Ability . IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education, 4(1), 50–58.

Anggara, S. (2021). The implementation of GIST strategy to teach reading comprehension in senior high school. Edukatif: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(4), 1101-1111.

Apriyanti, E. ., Sutiyono, A. ., Rohana, R., & Wiratno, P. . (2018). The Corelation of Reading Interest and Diction Mastering with Quick Reading Skills . IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education, 1(1), 67–78.

Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Atayeva, M., Putro, N. H. P. S., Kassymova, G., & Kosbay, S. (2019). Impact of reading on students’ writing ability. In Materials of International Practical Internet Conference “Challenges of Science (Vol. 144, No. 2, pp. 5-13).

Hastomo, T., Marcela, E. D., Ramadhanti, A., Viana, F., & Saftiah, F. (2022). Student’s Perception Of Using Tiktok Application For Learning English Vocabulary. Lexeme: Journal of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, 4(2), 144-150.

McAllum, R. (2014). Reciprocal Teaching: Critical Reflection on Practice. Kairaranga, 15(1), 26-35.

Oczkus, L. D. (2003). Reciprocal Teaching at Work: Strategies for Improving Reading Comprehension. Order Department, International Reading Association, 800 Barksdale Road,

Patel, M.F. and Jain, Praven M. (2008). English Language Teaching (Methode, Tools and Techniques). Jaipur: Sunrise Publisher & Distributors.

Sadiku, L.M. (2015). The Importance of Reading Skill. Albania: European Journal of Language and Literature Studies.

Schallert, D. L. (2017). The role of illustrations in reading comprehension. Theoretical issues in reading comprehension, 503-524..

Spörer, N., Brunstein, J. C., & Kieschke, U. L. F. (2009). Improving students' reading comprehension skills: Effects of strategy instruction and reciprocal teaching. Learning and instruction, 19(3), 272-286.

Todd, R.B., and Tracey, D.H. (2006). Reciprocal Teaching and Comprehension. Journal of Candidate Work Capstone Course, 11,1-113.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-14

How to Cite

Parameswara, C., Wicaksono, A. ., & Herlisya, D. . (2022). Reciprocal Teaching Strategy to Improve Students’ Reading Comprehension: Action Research. IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education, 5(1), 53–59. Retrieved from https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/882