IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education 2023-02-24T07:52:26+00:00 Andri Wicaksono Open Journal Systems <p><em>IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education</em> is a journal devoted to language and literature researchers, humanities, as well as practitioners in the field of education. <em>IJLHE</em> Journal is managed by the Institute for Research and Community Service STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung which is responsible for the Master Program in Indonesian Language Education. All publishing processes follow the procedures for scientific writing and editing involving expert reviewers from various countries.</p> How to Write a Diary using the Suggestopedia Method: Action Research on KOICA Students at Hana Language Center 2022-12-29T06:05:44+00:00 Park Jin Ryeo <p>This study aims to describe and explain the application of the suggestopedia method in BIPA learning, especially in writing diaries. The research method used is Classroom Action Research, with two cycles covering: planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. The results showed an increase in the results of the ability to write diaries in the elderly students of the KOICA class at the Hana Language Center Indonesia. First, the use of music media and the application of the suggestopedia method can improve the quality of the learning process and improve the results of the ability to write narrative essays for elderly students in the KOICA class at Hana Language Center Indonesia. Second, improving the ability to write diaries by narrating events experienced by students through the suggestopedia method with music media for KOICA class students (Indonesian for Korean speakers) at the Hana Language Center Indonesia, among others, can be seen from the results of the final test cycle I. which shows the average score achieved by students is 61.33 or is included in the good category, while in the second Cycle the average value achieved is 75.00. It means an increase from Cycle I to cycle II, as much as 13.67.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Writing: Types, Elements, and Strategies 2022-12-29T06:27:33+00:00 Abdulaziz Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed <p>Academic writing is difficult. It requires a complex combination of generating ideas, selecting the idea that are appropriate to the writing tasks, translating these into a text and a polishing the text to produce a reasonable and presentable documents. In doing this, a writer has to bring out not only his or her own thoughts but also to make more and enough connection with the community whom writing is being written. This paper will highlight the different kinds of academic writings and the important strategies a researcher should follow to build up a good comprehensible and logical scientific writings and research papers, and it will help to explore the relationships between writing strategies and success as well. The writing process for most writers and expertise tend to be recursive rather than simple linear progression starting with planning and finishing with revising. The paper will elucidate and well shown different kinds of strategies and the way of structuring a good scientific and academic piece of writing. The article will also explore and explain the value of academic writing in the field of research studies. It presents the guidelines that can help to analyses the academic writing process, but also that no amount of theorizing and intellectualizing of writing is going on to make more successful writing patterns unless accompanied by an undertaking to engage in practical strategies and to plan effective writing tactics. The academic value of the writing can then be evaluated and if they wish, ones maker can go back to notice the original sources to find out whether ones have been honest and accurate in the use of data ,ideas and information.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Conversational Implicature Used in Gone Girl Movie Script by Gillian Flynn 2022-12-29T06:37:30+00:00 R.B. Sharma Novi Yanti <p>The purpose of this study is to describe the implied meaning of conversational implicatures found in the film <em>Gone Girl</em>. The method used in this research is content analysis with the object of study on conversational implicatures in film dialogue. The technique used is note-taking. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the most frequent maxim found by the writer is the maxim of quantity in which it means that the characters in the movie failed to observe it as the contribution of the information is insufficient and less-informative than it is required. After that, it is followed by the maxim of manner in which it means the characters of the movie failed to observe, consequently it creates the sense of ambiguity and proximity. Then, the maxim of relation in which it shows that the characters of the movie give irrelevant information. Lastly, there is maxim of quality in which that means the characters of the movie failed to notice due to false information.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Etymology of Abbreviations in English and Tajik Diplomatic Terms 2022-12-29T06:44:18+00:00 Khodzhaev Iskandar <p>The article is devoted to one of the important problems of the linguistics the problem of&nbsp; term and terminology. During the research from the etymology of abbreviations point of view we discovered that the majority of etymology of abbreviations in English and Tajik diplomatic terms has their specific lexical features of lexical units of abbreviations and identification of the main ways and features of their translation.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Evaluation of The Curriculum 2013 Implementation Program for Indonesian Learning at SMPN 5 Pesawaran 2022-12-29T06:58:45+00:00 Joko AB Sutrisno Akhmad Sutiyono Yustam Efendi <p>This study aims to evaluate the 2013 Curriculum implementation program in Indonesian language learning at SMPN 5 Pesawaran using the CIPP (Context, Input, Process, Product) evaluation model. This research uses the descriptive quantitative analysis method. The data studied were obtained from school principals, teachers, and grade VII and VIII students who carried out the 2013 curriculum. The data was collected through interviews, documentation, observation, and questionnaires. The assessment criteria as a benchmark for evaluation in this study refer to the references that have been made. The results of the 2013 curriculum implementation research at SMPN 5 Pesawaran in terms of context, input, process, and product, on average, only showed and achieved good results. It is suggested to teachers and policymakers to carry out evaluations and innovative activities so that the 2013 curriculum learning program in the future can be conducted more optimally with excellent results.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Use of PUEBI in Exposition Compositions in 5th Grade Students of SDN 2 Gunung Terang Bandar Lampung 2022-12-29T07:11:12+00:00 Andri Wicaksono Muhammad Singgih Surastina Surastina Destia Herlisya <p>The purpose of this study is to find out and describe the use of PUEBI and deviations from the use of PUEBI in students' exposition essays as well as the factors and constraints that cause deviations in the use of PUEBI in exposition essays for fifth grade students in the odd semester of SD Negeri 2 Gunung Terang Bandar Lampung. This study used descriptive qualitative method. This research was conducted on the fifth grade students of SD Negeri 2 Gunung Terang Bandar Lampung, with total 30 students. The results of this study explained that students were not fully said to be able to use PUEBI in writing expository essays. This is based on the data obtained which shows that PUEBI deviations are still commonly found in students' exposition essays. From the analysis carried out, it is known that the intensity of deviations that are most commonly found are deviations from the use of punctuation marks rather than deviations from the use of capital letters.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Effort to Increase Vocabulary Mastery through The Use of Word Cards 2023-02-09T06:04:29+00:00 Dharlinda Suri Rozali Rozali Dian Windriani <p>The purpose of this study is to increase students' vocabulary mastery and students' motivation to learn vocabulary in grade I SDN 2 Talang Bandar Lampung. The problem in this study is that whether or not the use of word card media can improve vocabulary mastery and student learning motivation. This study uses a classroom action research method which is done in three cycles. The lesson plan for each cycle is prepared by the teacher. The results of the study can be concluded as follows: first, the increase can be seen from the average score of 58.92 in the first cycle, to 67.5 in the second cycle, and to 86.60 in the third cycle. The increase of the average score that occurred is 19.1%. Second, the increasing of students' ability in mastering the vocabulary is also followed by changes in student learning behavior in a positive direction. Students become happier, active, and give a positive response to vocabulary learning.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education The Correlation of Reading Interest and Diction Mastering with Quick Reading Skills 2022-12-29T07:47:53+00:00 Tommy Hastomo Evi Apriyanti Rohana Rohana Purna Wiratno <p>This study aims to determine: the relationship between reading interest and Quick reading skills, the relationship between diction mastery and Quick reading skills, and the relationship between reading interest and diction mastery and Quick reading skills in grade VIII students of SMP N I Abung Semuli. The method used in this research is quantitative with correlational analysis technique. This method is used to be able to observe the object to be studied directly to find out whether or not there is a relationship between reading interest and Quick reading skills, the relationship between diction mastery and Quick reading skills, and the relationship between reading interest and diction mastery and students' Quick reading skills. . The results showed: 1) There was a positive and significant relationship between reading interest and Quick reading skills. The correlation (rx1y) is 0.978 while the contribution given by the variable interest in reading to Quick reading skills is 95.65%; 2) There is a positive and significant relationship between diction mastery and Quick reading skills. The correlation (rx2y) is 0.924 while the contribution given by the variable mastery of diction to Quick reading skills is 85.38%; 3) There is a positive and significant relationship between reading interest and mastery of diction with Quick reading skills. The correlation (rx1x2Y) is 0.529, while the contribution given by the variable mastery of diction and interest in reading to Quick reading skills is 28%.</p> 2022-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sulabha-Janaka Samvada in Vyasa’s Mahabharata: Debating Meaning and Language Structures 2023-01-15T16:29:59+00:00 Alka Singh Bhavya Arora <p>The present paper&nbsp; offers an analytical study on &nbsp;the <em>Sulabha-Janaka Samvada</em> as one of the significant pieces of philosophical and religious instructions in the <em>Shanti Parva </em>of Vyasa’s <em>Mahabharata</em>. The dialogue that takes place between a male emperor and female recluse &nbsp;stands tall not only because it serves as an exploration of key feminine voices incessantly debating the ideas of <em>Samkhya</em> Philosophy and means to salvation(<em>moksa</em>) but also because it establishes Sulabha’s discourses as a rare occasion in the ambit of Sanskrit Literature. In this discourse, we find the idea of what constitutes a well-knit argument, proponents of a debate that defines meaning-making in the process of closely scrutinized and investigated language structure. This discourse between two polar personalities becomes a short philosophical dialogic treatise, amid hefty monologues such as the incessant instructions by Krishna in the <em>Bhagavad Gita</em> and Bheeshma in the <em>Shanti Parva</em> interspaced by many teachings of Vidura. Sulabha’s counter-arguments to Janaka are significant for it redefines the meaning and path to moksa, and in the process, expounds on what is proper speech, the correct usage of language and vocabulary and the purpose of doing so irrespective of the biases of class, gender, caste and educational elitism. The Sulabha-Janaka conversation has not received its due credit either in the Western or Eastern academic scholarship and scholarly attention has only been invested in the teachings of the<em>Gita</em>, the ideas of <em>dharma</em> and many similar aspects. This short textual study provides a fresh perspective on philosophizing human need of meaning making and understanding the art of negotiating the engagement process of meaning associated with its structure.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Sulabha-JanakaSamvaad</em>, female aesthetics, <em>Samkhya</em> Philosophy, language, meaning, structure, Vyasa’s <em>Mahabharata</em>,</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education The Mistakes of Super Powers in Afghanistan 2023-02-24T04:28:32+00:00 Mohammad Mullah Salangi <p>Afghanistan’s strategic location and lying at the crossroad linking the Central Asian States with South Asian region motivated major powers to take interest and competing with each other for the purpose of dominance. This paved the way for making Afghanistan battleground of different powers. So, Afghanistan is a country with a myriad history inflicted with conflicts of interests among regional and international powers. Therefore, Afghanistan has a deep history of insurgency, resistance and wars that shapes the perceptions of the people who live there. For instance, Taliban propaganda portrayed Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai as an American Shah Shuja, a cutting reference to the king the British brought to power in 1839 during the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42). When British troops deployed to southern Afghanistan in 2006, residents feared they had been sent to take revenge for the Afghan victory at the Battle of Maiwand which took place there during the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1880. In addition, plans for withdrawing international forces from Afghanistan, immediately make Afghans recall the Soviet withdrawal in 1989 that began a slide to civil war. However, the super powers interferences in the internal affairs (cultural and religious values) of the Afghans lead to wars and political turmoil so much so that the country cannot be turned to a stable state. The paper examines the mistakes of major powers and their destruction role in the continuing civil war and miserable situations of the Afghan people.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Theory of Public Administration in Modern Period 2023-02-24T06:44:46+00:00 Karakhonzoda Muhammednadir Mahmadkhan <p>This article focuses on a significant aspect of public administration law and the state in contemporary times. The traditional theories of the state and law are considered inadequate in terms of comprehending and analyzing the current scenario. The understanding and analysis of law and the state are crucial for the functioning and stability of society. The article highlights that any theory regarding law and the state is a direct reflection of the societal environment and the outcome of socio-political experiences. It is essential to examine law and state events from the perspective of human values rather than any particular ideology or political party. The article emphasizes the need for a broader perspective and a more comprehensive understanding of law and the state to ensure their effectiveness and efficiency in contemporary times.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Exploring the History and Characteristics of Political Rhetoric 2023-02-24T07:52:26+00:00 Saidova Fazilatmo Saidamirovna <p>In this article, the author provides a comprehensive analysis of the history and characteristics of political rhetoric. The origin and specific belonging of political rhetoric are explored in depth, along with an examination of its various forms and components. One important aspect highlighted in this article is the influence of rhetorical ideas on the foundations of ordinary people's thinking. The author emphasizes the significant role of rhetoric in the restructuring of the political and social sphere, particularly in shaping democratic values. The paper further highlights the importance of rhetoric in the development of democratic societies. By examining the ways in which political rhetoric has been used throughout history to influence public opinion and promote democratic ideals, the author demonstrates its crucial role in shaping the political landscape. Overall, this article presents a thorough and insightful exploration of the history and significance of political rhetoric, shedding light on its key features and its impact on democratic societies.</p> 2022-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022