IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe <p><em>IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education</em> is a journal devoted to language and literature researchers, humanities, as well as practitioners in the field of education. <em>IJLHE</em> Journal is managed by the Institute for Research and Community Service STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung which is responsible for the Master Program in Indonesian Language Education. All publishing processes follow the procedures for scientific writing and editing involving expert reviewers from various countries.</p> Master Program in Indonesian Language Education and The Institute for Research and Community Service STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung en-US IJLHE: International Journal of Language, Humanities, and Education 2963-4520 The Effect of Principal Leadership Style and Teacher Work Culture Work on The Performance of Public High School Teachers https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1197 <p>This study aims to see and describe the influence of the principal's leadership style and teacher work culture on the performance of state high school teachers in Lubuk Raja District, OKU Regency. The method used is descriptive quantitative. Data in the form of a questionnaire is classified as quantitative data. The independent variable in this study is the Principal Leadership Style (X1) and Teacher Work Culture (X2), and the dependent variable in this study is Teacher Performance (Y). Data analysis techniques, namely 1) simple and multiple linear correlation test; 2) Significant test using t-test and f-test. The leadership style of the principal and work culture together have a positive effect on teacher performance. The coefficient of the second variable between the second independent variable and the variable in Ry.12 is 0.670. From this coefficient, it can be calculated that the coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.449, meaning that 44.90% of the teacher performance reports can be linked with the principal's leadership style and teacher work culture.</p> Nirmala Dewi Nur Ahyani Nila Kesumawati Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 1 10 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1197 Cultural relationship between Afghanistan and Iran during the reign of Amir Amanullah Khan https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1198 <p>This study aims to examine the historical context, dynamics, and implications of the political and cultural relations between Afghanistan and Iran during the reign of Amanullah Khan (1919-1929 AD). The method employed involves analyzing historical records and narratives to understand the initial cordiality between Amanullah Khan and Reza Shah, their visits to each other's countries, and the subsequent deterioration of political relations. Despite external influences from global powers that sought to hinder the expansion of political, economic, and cultural ties between the two nations, the shared history and interests of Afghanistan and Iran fostered a strong cultural relationship. This study finds that cultural relations served as a reliable foundation for enhancing overall bilateral relations, often compensating for fluctuations in political interactions. The implications of this research highlight the significance of cultural relations as a means to strengthen and diversify ties between neighboring countries, suggesting that a focus on cultural exchange can yield positive outcomes even in the absence of strong political alliances.</p> Mohammad Bashir Elham Shirali Samimi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 11 32 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1198 The Influence of Think, Predict, Read, and Connect Strategy Towards Students’ Reading Comprehension https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1200 <p>The research aimed to know the influence of Think, Predict, Read, and Connect strategy on students’ reading comprehension. This strategy helped the students comprehend main idea, supporting idea, inference, reference and vocabularies of the text. In this research the writer used quantitative method and categorized the research as quasi experimental method. The sample was taken by using Cluster Random Sampling technique. There were two classes for the sample. X PM 1 was an experimental class consisted of 35 students and X PM 2 was a control class consisted of 34 students. Based on the data analysis and testing of hypotheses, it showed that the average score of students who were taught through Think, Predict, Read, and Connect (TPRC) strategy was higher than which was taught through direct instruction. It was got 75.24 &gt; 63.97 and in the end of result, it showed that &nbsp;was higher than . In the calculation of two averages score, it was obtained 3.99 &gt; 2.00 &lt; 2.66 and in the calculation of the difference of two averages score, it was obtained 3.99 &gt; 1.67 &lt; 2.39. Therefore, it can be concluded that there was a significance influence of using Think, Predict, Read, and Connect strategy towards students’ reading comprehension at the tenth grade of SMK Negeri 4 Bandar Lampung in 2022/2023.</p> Amalia Lintang Amandari Eva Nurchurifiani Purna Wiratno Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 33 40 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1200 EFL Teachers’ Perceptions Regarding Cultural Awareness in ICT-Based Learning in Indonesian Elementary School Context https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1212 <p>The present study aims to explore Indonesian EFL teachers’ perception regarding the ICT (Information and Communications Technology) usage for developing cultural awareness of students as well as improving their English literacy and communication. Even though English subject is not considered as compulsory to be taught in elementary school, there is evidence that English is still being taught either as the local content subject or as the language-medium of instruction. This study employs survey research by administering a questionnaire for elementary school English teachers in Indonesia who have been ever implementing online learning. The result shows that most teachers respond positively on the implementation of ICT in English instructional practice in elementary school. Regarding the cultural content, the participants agree that ICT can be helpful for them to provide interactive digital teaching material, including cultural material for the students. The existence of ICT is helpful for both students and teachers to provide real and authentic teaching materials. Therefore, the use of ICT needs to be promoted to provide cultural awareness in ELT practice to equip young learners to do intercultural communication in the global world</p> Akhmad Sutiyono Aksendro Maximilian Galuh Dwi Ajeng Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 40 52 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1212 Applying Picture Series to Promote Students’ Writing Achievement on Recount Text https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1213 <p>This research was conducted to find out the improvement of students’ writing skill on recount text by using picture series and to know the process of implementation of picture series in teaching writing on recount text to the tenth-grade students of SMA Gajah Mada Bandar Lampung. The subjects of this research were 30 students of X IPA 1 at SMA Gajah Mada Bandar Lampung. This research was used classroom action research. Furthermore, the data collected through qualitative and quantitative data. The researcher used interviews, and observation checklist in collected the qualitative data and used tests in collected the quantitative data. The research findings reveal that the using picture series to improve students’ writing skills, particularly recount text, was beneficial. Students’ writing scores also demonstrated an improvement in their writing abilities. The increasing mean score from pre-test until post-test 2 is 12.96. The students’ attitudes towards studying English are also improving, as indicated by their increased participation in class. It can be concluded that, by using picture series media, the students’ writing skill is improved.</p> Dyah Aminatun Nikenda Putri Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 53 60 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1213 A Literature Review on Students' Views on the Utilization of Zoom for English Language Instruction During the Pandemic https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1214 <p>This research aims to investigate the implementation and effectiveness of using the Zoom application for English Language Teaching (ELT) during the pandemic. The study focuses on students who utilized the Zoom application as a method for ELT. The research methodology combines both quantitative and qualitative approaches, utilizing an online questionnaire to collect data. The researcher analyzed the data, integrated their ideas, and formulated concluding remarks based on the collected information. The review includes three primary studies published between 2020 and 2021. The first study, conducted by Irwandi (2020), examines the implementation of the electric method for ELT through distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The second study, also conducted by Irwandi (2020), investigates students' perceptions of using Zoom and WhatsApp for ELT during the pandemic. The third study, conducted by Suadi (2021), explores the effectiveness of learning-based applications, including Zoom, for ELT in the pandemic era. The review findings indicate that students were able to actively practice English, responded positively to the use of Zoom, and demonstrated the ability to learn independently.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdulaziz Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 61 68 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1214 An Analysis of Code-Switching on The Utterances of Agnes Mo on Daniel Mananta Network's Youtube Channel https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1215 <p>This research aimed to analyze the phenomena of&nbsp; Code-Switching which examines the types and reasons for using code-switching used Agnes Monica on Daniel Mananta Network's YouTube channel entitled "Agnes Mo Pernah Punya Toxic Relationship?" which was published on February 11th, 2021. The researchers use Stockwell's (2002) theory that explains about three types of Code Switching, there are tag switching, intersetential switching, and intrasetential switching. In this research, the researchers employ a qualitative descriptive method, which is a research method that aims to explain and interpret reality and the researchers used Observation Method as the way to collect the data. The results and discussion found that there are six code-switching data, two Tag Switching data, two Intersetential Switching data, and two Intrasentential Switching data. And according to Hoffman (1991:116) in Saleh (2017:15), the researchers matched the data we found, that the reasons for the code-switching in Agnes Mo's utterances include the first one is talking about a particular topic, the second, being empathic about something, and the last the intention of clarifying the speech content for the interlocutor.</p> Park Jin Ryeo Andri Wicaksono Dwi Rahmawati Novi Yani Lusi Purnama Sari Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 69 78 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1215 Exploring Deixis in Maroon 5's Song "Daylight": Descriptive Qualitative Research https://jurnal.stkippgribl.ac.id/index.php/ijlhe/article/view/1220 <p>This study aims to analyze deixis, a pragmatic concept of linguistic reference, in Maroon 5's song "Daylight." The study utilizes descriptive qualitative methodology to analyze the deixis types in the song "Daylight," aiming to describe natural phenomena and interrelationships without theoretical constraints. The primary data source is the song's lyrics, categorized into personal, spatial, temporal, social, and discourse deixis, providing insights into the communicative and emotional impact of deixis in songwriting. The research findings reveal that the song "Daylight" by Maroon 5 effectively employs various types of deixis to establish a profound emotional connection with the audience. Personal deixis engenders intimacy, while spatial and place deixis create a vivid and relatable narrative. Temporal and time deixis evoke a sense of urgency and nostalgia, and social deixis fosters a shared emotional experience. Additionally, discourse deixis guides the audience through the unfolding events. Although the research is limited to a single song, further analysis of a diverse range of songs and audiences could provide deeper insights into deixis in music. Understanding the significance of deixis empowers songwriters to create emotionally impactful lyrics, enhancing storytelling across various artistic expressions.</p> Sukma Septian Nasution Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 6 1 79 86 10.52217/ijlhe.v6i1.1220